Amanda: I am. There are several stories floating around as to how she became the mother of all saints. Anyone can call the Orishas for help, the Orisha Spirits are everywhere and you do not need to be initiated to call for their help or favors. New World Santeria believers, on the other hand, generally only work with a handful of them. The concept of orisha is similar to those of deities in the traditional religions of the Bini people of Edo State in southern Nigeria, the Ewe people of Benin, Ghana, and Togo, and the Fon people of Benin. While there are many orishas, 7 have gained the most worship and popularity. The orisha (also spelled orisa, orichá; or orixá in Latin America) are spirits believed to […] Let’s share some answers and then we will discuss them first. When one is possessed by an Orisha, one speaks and behaves as though one were that Orisha. He taught his followers the secrets of civilization (fire, smithing, hunting, politics, and war). Her soperasare yellow and gold ceramic, and her five yellow stones come from the Osun river. It is described as the power to make things happen. [3], Some òrìṣà are rooted in ancestor worship; warriors, kings, and founders of cities were celebrated after death and joined the pantheon of Yoruba deities. Patron deity of women and the mother goddess. Orunmila replied, “I love all the Orisha equally. Her crown represents her sovereignty, while the lances that hang from it represent her protective nature. It is generally one of these orishas that one receives when one makes the saint or becomes a priest in the religion,a santero. Scholars estimate there may be as many as 100 million practitioners in the United States and Central and South America. Her other tool, oars, symbolizes her position as a river goddess, as well as the balance between tenderness and ferocity, and good and evil. In the event you missed it, please take some time to educate yourself. ARTWORK: Yemoja. by hustla ( m ): 8:58am On Mar 13 , 2016 9jacrip : We have seen that the orishas inhabit many aspects of na-ture, and the mutual respect implied by the covenant between humans and nature includes all “non-living” things as well. Aganju was the next Orisha to manifest on earth. Some orishas based on historical figures are confined to worship in their families or towns of origin; others are venerated across wider geographic areas. Odisha, state of India located in the northeastern part of the country. If you visit the El Cobre Cathedral, you’ll see followers sporting yellow clothes and … Unfortunately many people treat this information like a parlor game, trying to guess who a person’s tutelary orisha is prior to divination . The heaven realm is the domain of Olorun, a sun god. Some of the most popular orishas include: Elleggua, who is similar to the Roman Catholic Saint Anthony. They are called orisha. She resides in the ocean and her children are countless like the fishes in the sea. While there are many different Orisha traditions, these are the largest three. [6] For practitioners, ashe represents a link to the eternal presence of the supreme deity, the orishas, and the ancestors. It is said their scars strike fear into their enemy, who see the scars of Kokou as a sign of their potency. These seven are the orishas Eleguá, Ogún, Orunmila (Ifá), Changó, Ochún, Yemayá, Obatálá, and Olofi, who is syncretized as Christ. As the people began to reproduce, new lands were required for them to settle. They all say to me, ‘give me a power so I can also assist the world’. After passing on his secrets and guiding humanity for many years, Ogun grew old. ~ ¿Cuántos Orisha hay? Araújo: Hundreds. Odisha, state of India located in the northeastern part of the country. It is generally one of these orishas that one receives when one makes the saint or becomes a priest in the religion,a santero. Unfortunately many people treat this information like a parlor game, trying to guess who a person’s tutelary orisha is prior to divination . How many orishas are there? In this way, he is certainly a difficult teacher, but in the end, is usually found to be a good one. These are sometimes referred to as the 7 African powers or Siete Potencias. Orisha: Yemayá (Yemoja) Saint: Our Lady of Regla Colors: Blue and clear Number: 7 Description: Yemayá is the mother of all living things, the queen of heaven, earth and all waters. Some say there are as many as 400, others that there are over 3000 and still others maintain that no matter how many, they are all actually just incarnations of Olodumare much like the gods of Hinduism are all incarnations of one Supreme Being. Many Orishas have found their way to most of the New World as a result of the Atlantic slave trade and are now expressed in practices as varied as Santería, Candomblé, Trinidad Orisha… Luckily, Obatala exiled him to the wilderness, where he has lived as an outcast. Without the sun, no life could exist, just as life cannot exist without some degree of ashe. Olorun agreed and gave Obatala a shell to help fashion this new world. Julia: It's an excellent question because I don't have a straightforward answer to that. Orisha tradition comes from the same source in Yoruba culture, but each one also has very different traditions and ways of going about Orisha worship. Using these sacred materials, he created fields, forests, hills, and valleys. Babalú-Ayé, Asojano, Shopona, Obaluaiê, Sagbata Once the most handsome of all Orishas, Olorun’s comet scarred him, Babalu-Aye learned respect and humility, the lesson was grim. Ashe is sometimes associated with Eshu, the messenger òrìṣà. Be prepared to state your intentions and to show respect to the guidelines of the list. These devotees often commit violent acts of self-harm to demonstrate their tolerance to pain. In Nigeria, where the traditional religion is practiced alongside Christianity and Islam, there are public temples for worshiping the various orishas, without the pretense of syncretism. Elleggua is the lord of the crossroads, serving as a liaison between man and the divine, and has very great power indeed. Olorun eventually forgave his son and gave Obatala the responsibility of creating the human race (which he brought into being via his breath of life). While there are many orishas, 7 have gained the most worship and popularity. You can find Orisha focused discussion listed by doing a search at Yahoogroups.com and at Google.com. [4][5][1], Practitioners traditionally believe that daily life depends on proper alignment and knowledge of one's Orí. Gary Edwards (Author), John Mason (Author), This page was last edited on 24 December 2020, at 03:21. There are many misconceptions out there about the Santeria religion and one of them regards the idea of Santeria being a pagan religion. The reason why there are so many fractured Orisha families is usually because of the lack of time taken to get to know one another, and also the fact that many relationships are long distance, which is very difficult to maintain. 3. Some say there are as many as 400, others that there are over 3000 and still others maintain that no matter how many, they are all actually just incarnations of Olodumare much like the gods of Hinduism are all incarnations of one Supreme Being. The number of orishas varies among believers. The Orisha And The 12 Gods Of Yoruba Mythology. Most Òrìṣà are said to have previously existed in the spirit world (òrún) as Irúnmọlẹ̀, and then become incarnated as human beings here on Earth. Let’s share some answers and then we will discuss them first. The rest is spent in the farm with Oko (a farming god). Orishas represent the four elements: Earth, wind, fire and water. A lover of the wilderness, Ogun … Rituals invoking his spirit require the rapid beating of drums, which often cause his followers to fall into a deep trance. View this answer It is said that there are 400 +1 Orishas in Santeria. The number of initiated Orisha worshipers is uncertain because the tradition is a secret “family-based” practice, with no central repository of records. These are the orisha you pray to and offer sacrifice and food, alcohol, offerings. Many of the Orishas were regional deities who traveled with the slaves to the Caribbean and sparked the variations of Afro-Caribbean worship. His formidable power and has empowered humans to build civilizations and thrive from his wealth and abundance. Julia: Traditionally, Yoruba sources will say that there are 401 Orishas, due to the association with a sacred number. The variations in details of names and attributes of the orishas originates in slavery, and in the syncretization process. Ogun, a protective father figure, is the Orisha of tools and weapons. These gods of Santeria or orisha are assigned to different people. The reason why there are so many fractured Orisha families is usually because of the lack of time taken to get to know one another, and also the fact that many relationships are long distance, which is very difficult to maintain. In his early days, he was very hostile, inflicting disease upon those who transgressed him. anting him with a profound wisdom. Therefore, according to the Yoruba, humans are eventually expected to become one in spirit with the divine creator who is also the source of all energy, a state which is also known as Olodumare. For other uses of Orisha, see, https://en.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=Orisha&oldid=996026784, Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License, Logun Ode (Logunede in the Yoruba language), Jo Anna Hunter, "Oro Pataki Aganju: A Cross Cultural Approach Towards the Understanding of the Fundamentos of the Orisa Aganju in Nigeria and Cuba". Two gods rule over both these primordial realms. He represents the power of fortune. They all say to me, ‘give me a power so I can also assist the world’. In the event you missed it, please take some time to educate yourself. Orisha tradition comes from the same source in Yoruba culture, but each one also has very different traditions and ways of going about Orisha worship. These Are The 10 Avatars Of Vishnu, One Of The... Did a ‘Galactic Federation’ Ask Trump Not To Reveal Extraterrestrials? Copyright Ancient Code. She resides in the ocean and her children are countless like the fishes in the sea. © There were both male and female orishas, but Olorun transcended male and female and was the all-powerful supreme being. 4. Others claim that there are as many Orishas as you think there are, plus one. [2], Many Òrìṣà have found their way to most of the New World as a result of the Atlantic slave trade and are now expressed in practices as varied as Santería, Candomblé, Trinidad Orisha, Umbanda, and Oyotunji, among others. The Orishas make appearances at religious celebrations through the believers' possession trance. The religion also emphasises continual feeding and supplication to the deities or Orishas. Others claim that there are as many Orishas as you think there are, plus one. Some say that through her marriage to Aganjo, 15 Orishas came forth from her, including Ogún, Olokun, Shopona and Ṣàngó. 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