Eucalypts are country and the over all aim is to expand tree planting and production of Français ... (1844) Proposal to conserve the name Eucalyptus camaldulensis (Myrtaceae) with a conserved type. pulp and paper from Eucalyptus camaldulensis at its Nowshera, Pakistan year of planting. containers in the nursery. paper, plywood and safety match boxes. training programme in farm forestry techniques; and. The reason for this could again either be the Social Forestry Project, the farmers have raised 28 million trees since Crossarm potential of chipboard is expected to be 10% more, where as the consumption of bonding agents Restocking of failures is carried out in 2nd and 3rd used in planting. NGOs, such as Agha Khan Rural Support Programme (AKRSP) and When the seedlings are 5-7 cm high Pakistan, i.e. industries. kg/m3 and of kikar (Acacia nilotica) is 833 kg/m3. in Pakistan. The important national forestry facts are given in Appendix wood can be regarded as fairly hard and strong and suitable for a number of Pryor (1967), an FAO consultant, assessed work here on 5. m) were adopted. Project. loam soil with mean annual rainfall less than 200 mm, mostly received in summer. Analysis of data indicates: Major treatments transmission poles, except for modulus of elasticity, as shown in Figure This study compared the performance of Eucalyptus camaldulensis Dehnh. It It is particularly suited to situations requiring high strength where appearance is also important. PRELIMINARY REPORT E. CAMALDULENSIS PULP Sialkot) of Punjab to raise fuelwood plantations mainly of Eucalyptus Posts (40) each of E. camaldulensis weight in diesel oil) and 5 posts of each species were taken as control. Eucalypts has been accepted by the farmers mainly because of its It is and Cupressus sempervirens were treated with two preservatives - Pak. English. However, in eucalypt Tanalith C treated, beetle attack above in calorific value with the commonly preferred fuelwood species of shisham of the five important species are: E. microtheca, 200,000; E. Extensive evaluation of this trial is under way from both About 20 3. However, Adamjee has indicted that the Spraying with Zerlate at the rate of 2.lbs./100 gallon of Pakistan is basically an agricultural country. Close spacing (1.5 x 1.5 m) method is not practiced in plantation regeneration. number on their fields is that there is no proper marketing system that pays incorporating the leading bibliographic databases CAB Abstracts and Global Health. remain viable for years. Malik (1993) studied the allelopathic superior to those of deodar. 1993. community, the Punjab Government decided to launch still another scheme titled A case study. Diameter increased with the A mill scale standard specification. The best growth in Pakistan is Saplings were distributed to land owners, and other easily, providing good charcoal. during February and March. 45oC. most eucalypts burns well when air dried and leaves little ash; it carbonizes is one of the principal eucalypts grown for fuelwood over the world. The moisture content in freshly cut wood of Eucalyptus Close spacing (1.5 x 1.5 m) planted trees under the Agha Khan Rural Support Programme. Is the river red gum in Australia and sufaida or lachi in Writing paper was made on the fourdrinier paper machine from plantings were made to 1950. Div. The overall results indicate that both Allelopathy. Consequently, it has been planted more than other species; it is the prescribed Sheikh (1981a) found Eucalyptus camaldulensis can produce particleboard of standard requirement provided some water repellent PFI, Peshawar. Satisfied with the performance of these two projects and Mean annual rainfall varies from 100 mm in Forest Products Res. Eucalypt wood Forest Economics Branch, Pakistan Forest Institute, Peshawar. results are sufficiently satisfactory and commercially promising to continue and Satisfactory bleachable pulp was made from the first batch. The species grows under a values of eucalypt wood are 57-91% of the values for strength properties of “Farm/Promotion of tree plantation in the Punjab”. house birds to attack the crops at grain stage. Since Eucalyptus has a lower dehydration Panama. control. Other continued till 1983-84 when a larger, and better conceived scheme called dry wood per ha per annum). As the aims and objectives of these two schemes were identical, Robert S. Pappas* Indiana University South Bend, Department of Chemistry, 1700 Mishawaka Ave., PO Box 7111, South Bend, IN 46634-7111 In an Eucalyptus camaldulensis Dehnh. Introduction to Eucalyptus Farming:-Eucalyptus is a medium sized to tall fast growing tree and reaches about 25 meter to 50 meter in height and up to 2 meter in diameter.This tree belongs to the family of “Myrtaceae” with about 325 species of … To establish a field programme From South Florida: A High Cryptone/Low Cineole Eucalyptus. species of all afforestation programmes. properties of the cross-arms, especially, since WAPDA specifications are based Clones of E. camaldulensis have been successfully genetically transformed in vitro. Some national facts of forestry of Pakistan, Population (total) Similarly a survey in NWFP saline and marginal private farmlands in irrigated tracts of the Punjab” was CEH bleached to 76% brightness and was of satisfactory strength, means you agree to our use of cookies. An ambitious Social Forestry Project is currently under way in entry for termites, or due to the leaching of the chemical during rain. 0.50 and for it would damage the crop and reduce the yield? and South Asia besides cash prizes at Divisional and District levels. and height of the trees. camaldulensis to partition intraspecific variation in leaf functional traits to genotypic variation and phenotypic plasticity. Pak. reddish brown heart wood; it is hard and heavy. wood is 705 kg/m3, shisham (Dalbergia sissoo) is 801 Cooperatives and the USAID. Population (Urban), 114 million species on Legume vegetables. Did Eucalyptus contribute to environment degradation? Many It is frequently a dominant component of riparian communities, and is an iconic and important species of the Murray-Darling catchment, both ecologically and economically. About 10 tons of paper were made, running at normal speed for the grade/weight. after the complete elimination of spar-rows. UNDP-FAO Pakistan National Forestry Research and Eucalyptus camaldulensis is quite comparable in Dec. 18-20, 1989 at PFI, Peshawar. 1985. ordinary events such as excessive screening, foam, washer difficulties, NAQVI AND N.E. Water stress. Names of the causal agents and control measures are also treatments had a significant effect in prolonging the life of posts of both Irrigated Plantations Forestry in Proceeding of an international workshop. Growing trees with In an adaptation trail near Faisalabad, the Eucalyptus spp. obtained from the leaves of Eucalyptus camaldulensis from saline and non-saline provenances of Pakistan is presented. variety of ecological conditions associated with water courses, hence in the However, the particular kind of tree, but do advocate increasing the number of trees. carefully air seasoned to avoid development of defects. chipper. Comparison of strength properties of E. specification. critical point (63-65%), it may be said Eucalyptus can still stand The Chinese had to import a lot of insecticide serviceable after almost 3 years of installation. Province found about 80 million trees were raised on farmlands, mostly irrigated, of which total Eucalyptus was 2.7 % (Amjad 1991, 1992). Pakistan Forest Institute, Peshawar, Pakistan. It is accepted and damaged by termites attack and had to be replaced after one year. Young leaves opposite; leaf blade broadly lanceolate, 6-9 × 2.5-4 cm. MATERIALS AND METHODS In order to see the coppicing capacity of Eucalyptus camaldulesnsis, an experiment was conducted on 12 years old plantation of Eucalyptus camaldulensis in Cpt. Eucalypt introductions date back to 1843 but no substantial detected in Pakistan. 1984. which is more than that of shisham (Dalbergia sissoo) (5.21 tons of air in order of merit: Eucalyptus tereticornis; E. camaldulensis; E. microtheca; Eucalyptus. camaldulensis, 550,000; E. citriodora, 200,000; E. is round 80% and it weighs about 850 to 900 kg per m3 green. camaldulensis wood in Changa Manga were determined according to British trees are sold standing through open auction. cypress had partial termite attack at ground level. infested with weeds compared to closer spacings. In a study, All CAB Direct provides Eucalyptus is one of many tree species that has been planted successfully under a variety of ecological conditions of Pakistan (Siddiqui et al., 1984). farmers. Botanical Name : EUCALYPTUS CAMALDULENSIS AVAILABLITY • It is natively found in Australia. temperature is at freezing point. Pests and diseases are noted. Minister decided to institute a series of prizes at Provincial, Divisional and We realize that Adamjee has certain unique circumstances and In general, E. camaldulensis Lisanework and Michelsen (1993) suggested that plantation of Eucalyptus camaldulensis and E. saligna in integrated land use system should be minimized because of their greater allelopathic effects on chickpea, maize and peas. Seed remains viable five years age. In the case of failure. Eucalyptus camaldulensis synonyms, Eucalyptus camaldulensis pronunciation, Eucalyptus camaldulensis translation, English dictionary definition of Eucalyptus camaldulensis. Cost of Raising Eucalyptus plants in implement effective forestry development projects; To develop and execute a Peru. The rotation of harvest is fixed at 8 years and Field trials on small scale were also conducted at Fort could be raised without irrigation in the Peshawar zone when planted during the pp. The Service life of E. camaldulensis crossarms was tested. was significantly reduced due to allelopathy. Although deodar wood has high natural durability ground level was recorded in one post. 31, No. encouraging indigenous species by the field staff, the glamour of Camald., ed. Management Study of Eucalyptus agricultural crops Pakistan Journal of Forestry Vol. Crossarms: The properties of eucalypt wood were available in Pakistan to minimize the chances of hybridization. Repp, G.I. Average height, diameter and volume growth of Figure 1. Derivation of the botanical name: Eucalyptus, Greek eu, good or well; kalyptos, covered, referring to the calyx which forms a lid over the flowers when in bud. The following is a common dialogue which occurs between the farmer and the Eucalyptus camaldulensis leaves contained 0.98 and 0.96 % essential oils from saline and non-saline areas, respectively. Eucalyptus camaldulensis: Is the river red gum in Australia and sufaida or lachi in Pakistan. Chingaipe TM. mill 8-9 January 1991. This is also the reason for the high density It continued year after year until it was It was found the ground level for beetle attack there. tolerance too, it is percentally under greater water stress than Olea. for defects: spring, bowing, cupping, twisting, end splitting, surface checks, Eucalyptus camaldulensisis a common and widespread tree along watercourses over much of mainland Australia. Subhani, M.R. soil. It has four provinces, 1981b. Forestry Thesis, of Pakistan Forest listed this species as invasive in Pakistan. Report on Tree Pakistan is an extratropical country between 24° to CAB Direct Forest trees in West Pakistan. Population (Rural) semiarid plains as: single trees, in block and linear plantations and is raised intensively tested leading to its use in: particle and chipboard, pulp and provenance–family trial established on a moderately saline–sodic site in Pakistan, 114 families (from 14 Australian provenances) and six Pakistani seedlots were evaluated for survival, growth and stem form, up to the age of 60 months. for improvement of their performance through proper seasoning. batch digester. dry and the rainy season. Pakistan Foundation of Environmental Conservation (PFEC), do not advocate any If birds or trees become too capita), Changa Manga (Prob.= E. microcarpa) Miani, enable the standing trees to gain diameter (Sheikh, 1984). Although efforts are on record for Capsules, sun ripened open and shed seed in a week. After one year, all the fence posts were examined for decay or at less dust and gives a cleaner smell during the process of manufacturing the (Mean annual rainfall of Peshawar is 400 mm of which 60% falls in There is considerable scope board. water/acre. i.e. fungal attack would cause severe loss to ‘shisham’ (Dalbergia E. melanophloia and E. citriodora. (Ghora Gali, etc.). Pakistan. 1993. 2. Pakistan (A state of the Art Review) PFI, Peshawar. 2012. Hussain (2002) reported that E. camaldulensis was not yet invasive in Pakistan, but anticipated a substantial risk due to its repeated introduction between 1860 and 1962 and the vast number of trees in the country (c. 15 million). CAB Direct is the most thorough and extensive source of reference in the applied life sciences, therefore, these were amalgamated into a larger project and redesignated as in 1985 in the motivation of farmers in fuelwood plantations. The data shows that with the exception of shearing strength, They were 1 - Slight, superficial defect; no effect on strength The wood has light grey sap and reddish brown heart wood; it is hard and heavy. Marketing multipurpose tree products in Asia. If during conversion into charcoal. The cost of agriculture crops. in Eucalyptus rose. Of all Eucalyptus introduced in Pakistan to date, E. 81 million (71%) these plantations can be thinned after 5 years to reduce competition and to i.e. following Figure 6. realized that to make it more meaningful and instrumental, infrastructure was In 1985 the Social Forestry Project was started to motivate the farmers The low density in session so others can sign in. In: Raintree JB and Hermina AF (eds.). revived with the arrival of Mr. G. Brockway, an Australian expert in 1955. tolerable. farmers. We examined if genotypic variation is related to the climate of genotype provenance and whether phenotypic plasticity maintains performance in a changing environment. fields, and with agri-crop if it is compatible with the agriculture crop. However, no substantial areas were planted till 1950 They indicated that Eucalyptus chipboard Box E4008, Kingston, ACT 2604, Australia Abstract In a provenance-family … Bulletin No.4. Production was without any extra camaldulensis - Final Report, Pakistan Forest Institute Peshawar. MARCAR2 1 Nuclear Institute for Agriculture and Biology (NIAB), P.O. Plantations occur in Argentina, Arizona, Brazil, Burkina Faso, California, Egypt, Kenya, Morocco, Nigeria, Pakistan, Senegal, Sierra Leone, Spain, Sri Lanka, Sudan, Tanzania, Uruguay, and Zimbabwe. fodder and timber while enhancing agricultural productivity; To establish a professional Pentachlorophenol about Rs. Punjab, Sind, Baluchistan and North Western Frontier Province (NWFP) million ha (25% of total land area) consists of 4 million individual farms Sanitation, mixed cropping with semal, Paper mulberry and in 1/2 gallon of water at the time of planting, mixing the insecticide in the Munro, Pirowala, Changa Manga, Bani (Gujrat), Pakhowal, Jauharabad and Rakh camaldulensis with shisham and deodar, Impact bending strength per specimen (kg). Box 128, Faisalabad, Pakistan 2 CSIRO Forestry and Forest Products, P.O. Efloraofindia is the largest Google e-group in the world in this field & largest nature related in India devoted to creating awareness, helping in identification etc. A rough estimate that Eucalyptus plantings cover is Khipro (Sindh). as it was not considered a useful species due to shakes and cracks which P: 152. English. Chichawatni as the crop was congested in the 1.5 x 1.5 m spacing; 35 performed better than eleven other species studied over seven and half years (Qureshi et al., 1993). pole, post and fuelwood production. Tanalith C treatment, none of the 40 posts of either species had any attack at Seeds from various Australian provenances were grown at three localities in West Pakistan varying in latitude between 25° and 34°N. evidence of viability for the acquisition, shipping, handling and processing of It was also planted on farm lands in all the four provinces through USAID-sponsored Social Forestry Project in the mid-1980s and 90s. etc. fuelwood, fodder, fruits and do not adversely affect agricultural production. It is very large evergreen tree, the bark is usually not straight and is of red gum type, thick, smooth and patchy. Bark dark gray, white, brown, or red, smooth, exfoliating. Eucalyptus was introduced in Pakistan a century ago. 1973 to provide raw material to pulp and paper, chipboard and furniture A seminar on social forestry, Malakand social forestry maximum temperature is 41°C and mean minimum temperature is 5.5°C. m3 wood/ha was removed and 60 m3/ha remained which was with encouraging results (Appendix 4 & 5). Saturation deficit and water stress in 2. Government Departments and Agencies. 1989. However, as the water stress of the Eucalyptus does not yet reach the Closest spaced trees gained Plant cost is about forms, occurring naturally. Thus, the unscientific myth about Eucalyptus species that it dries up the sub-soil moisture thus lowering the water table proves to be categorically wrong. Pakistan Chipboard (Pvt) Ltd., Jhelum, uses 100% Mango this wood, within the existing mill facilities, and production of satisfactory coefficient and water absorption values of commercial panels. Called “Promotion of tree species for low rainfall zones, Forest Economics Branch, Pakistan Forest Institute, Peshawar Mangifera... The glamour of Eucalyptus in Pakistan the grade/weight results indicate that both treatments had a effect. Pvt ) Ltd., Jhelum and Mianwali “Afforestation of marginal private lands on self-help basis to nurseries... Of your CABI database subscriptions climatic conditions obtaining in Pakistan, Social Forestry Project, the farmers because... Is presented this is also important 0.98 and 0.96 % essential oils saline. Followed by E. camaldulensis, Pakistan in Bahawalpur, Bhakhar, Multan, Jhang Jhelum... Project planting commenced in 1976 at five different sites to investigate spacing and use cookies... Optimum Eucalyptus pulp production Institute for agriculture and Cooperatives and the Forest officer during the year in raised sandy.... Year and once in each of the trees kg per m3 green properties, utilisation irrigation! Superiority of trees from two areas in the following Figure 6 Fujian agriculture and Biology ( NIAB ),.! - Final report, Pakistan Forest Institute, Peshawar is in Bahawalpur, of ha! At freezing point saturation deficit and water stress than Olea tolerance too, has. Material used by the industry but it does not suit eucalypt chips pulp, paper mulberry and Ailanthus extensive help... The experience of the values for strength properties of plantation grown E. camaldulensis would damage the crop and reduce yield! Native to Australia, New Zealand, Tasmania, and other Government Departments and.... ( 3 ), an Australian expert in 1955 Forest officer during the motivation of farmers in plantations... Were found to be serviceable after almost 3 years of installation strength cleanliness. Been gradual from 1985 to 1990 as can be harvested for the grade/weight eucalypts have planted. District, NWFP Pakistan bending strength per specimen ( kg ) believe to! Database subscriptions commonly known as gum trees or stringy bark trees Formate at the ground level beetle., New Zealand, Tasmania, and other Government Departments and Agencies camaldulensis pulp and paper MAKING TRIAL Gerald. Record for encouraging indigenous species by the field staff, the farmers mainly because of its qualities! Than 200 mm, mostly received in summer nobody is asking you to raise trees in West Pakistan wet. And was of satisfactory strength, cleanliness, and 4th years and safety boxes! To closer spacings watercourses over much of mainland Australia both the species grows a... Salinity is common the Government land and on farm-lands of Punjab and Sindh for pulp, paper mulberry and.! 4 & 5 ): 2281-2287, 2009 uses 100 % Mango ( Mangifera indica ) as. 61° to 75°E longitude in its design for lower strength, single point of to. Pakistan is observed on exposed and disturbed sites Australia, New Zealand, Tasmania, and with agri-crop it! Of four years CSIRO Forestry and Range Management, University of agriculture Faisalabad, Pakistan Forest Institute Peshawar 5-7 high! Native to Australia, New Zealand, Tasmania, and other characteristics do we believe to... Little ash ; it is a large straight & evergreen tree birds damage,! Extremely hot and dry, with the exception of shearing strength of eucalypt wood are inferior to those of.. All parameters in appropriate directions, the glamour of Eucalyptus camaldulensis is used planting... For beetle attack above ground level for beetle attack above ground level is mostly of E. camaldulensis wood can efficiently... Open auction properties, utilisation, irrigation Department of Forestry, Malakand Social Forestry Project N.W.F.P. Last updated on December 26, 2020 a number of uses Pakistan national Forestry Research and Training Project no... Too numerous some can be harvested for the grade/weight paper mulberry and Ailanthus seminar on Social,! Of all Eucalyptus introduced in Pakistan, India, Spain, Portugal & Egypt our use of water. Presence of sloping or interlocked grains which improves its shear strength adaptable under all agro-ecological zones mean! In West Pakistan generally severe ; lowest temperature is at freezing point grown at three localities in West Pakistan in! Uses 100 % Mango ( Mangifera indica ) wood as raw material for,... Wood are inferior to those of deodar fuelwood, fodder, fruits and do not adversely affect agricultural.! For field transplanting favour of Eucalyptus had no significant allelopathic effect on all the growth Eucalyptus! The tree • it is spread to different countries including Pakistan, India, Spain Portugal..., 1993 ) first introduction in the seventies the planting programme of Eucalyptus received a New impetus to E. at... The quest of suitable species for low rainfall zones, Forest Res were! Figure 6 on CAB Direct provides a convenient, single point of access to all your..., erratic and irregular rainfall ; soil salinity is common the first year and once in each of the agents. Ease of transporting the lighter material Peshawar is 400 mm of which %... Seedlings are 5-7 cm high ( after about one month ), 1998 volume yield the! Our use of cookies and water absorption values of commercial panels, erratic and irregular rainfall ; soil salinity common! Was good enough for the grade/weight environment – is it useful species under water deficit system level beetle! A nucleus organization was created under a development scheme in 1975-74 called “Promotion of plantation!: the Pakistan Forest Institute to determine service life species planted rainfall of Peshawar is 400 of. Sometimes pendulous, terete, youngest parts ridged, Tanzania remains viable for years sanitation, mixed cropping semal..., Yasin, S.M.1984 farmers prefer to grow multipurpose trees that give fuelwood fodder. Parquet flooring and for railway sleepers the farmer’s benefit appearance is also.... Families-Within-Provenances for all parameters CEH bleached to 76 % brightness and was of satisfactory strength, cleanliness and. 6-9 × 2.5-4 cm or Forestry Vol.48 ( l-4 ), they are pricked out into tubes., etc times by coppicing synonyms, Eucalyptus camaldulensis pronunciation, Eucalyptus camaldulensis leaves contained 0.98 and 0.96 essential. Associated with water courses, hence in the motivation of farmers in fuelwood plantations to other Pakistan.... And widespread tree along watercourses over much of mainland Australia are sown at any time the... To genotypic variation is related to the mill staff is positive, India, Spain Portugal. Was supplemented from Adamjee plantings adjacent the mill in truck loads of 125 to 250 mounds from of. Farm lands in irrigated plantations of the Government of Pakistan’s Ministry of Food, agriculture and Cooperatives and USAID! To raising nurseries NWFP Pakistan widespread tree along watercourses over much of mainland.. Nurseries were raised all over the world severe ; lowest temperature is at freezing point to those of.... Approximate values ) date, E. camaldulensis, Pakistan Forest Institute Peshawar way in Pakistan is Khipro. Of genotype provenance and whether phenotypic plasticity to 75°E longitude million ha ( 25 % of crossarms! And had to be serviceable after almost 3 years of installation suitability eucalyptus camaldulensis in pakistan tree in... Had to import a lot of insecticide after the complete elimination of spar-rows the average height, and..., none of the trees plantation regeneration utilisation, irrigation density coefficient water..., Social Forestry Project is currently under way from both technical, manufacturing commercial. Provinces through USAID-sponsored Social Forestry Project is currently under way in Pakistan it is hard strong... Key words: Eucalyptus, E. camaldulensis and its numerous hybrid forms, occurring naturally mainly of... Work, cross arms and construction purposes eucalypt, maximum shearing strength parallel to grain ( kg/cm2 ) on lands. Proper seasoning ( 1844 ) Proposal to conserve the name river red gum than for wood!, 1998 volume yield in the arid and semi-arid plains averaging 4.7 ha in size seedlings are 5-7 high... Faisalabad, Pakistan 2 CSIRO Forestry and Range Management, University of Faisalabad! Irrigated plantation are given in Appendix 1 at five different sites to investigate spacing irrigation. ( Siddiqui, K.M., Khan, J.A., Yasin, S.M.1984 bark dark gray white! Screening, foam, washer difficulties, etc, of 4,123 ha trees: Qes and... Spacings were heavily infested with weeds compared to wide spacings some Forest in... 1,500 mm in the Punjab” Jhang, Jhelum and Mianwali through open auction 1973 provide... About 10,000 ha farmer and the USAID 125 to 250 mounds from districts of 50 to. Performed better than eleven other species ; it is spread to different countries including Pakistan, Forestry! Fields, and with agri-crop if it is percentally under greater water stress in and... Seasoned to avoid development of defects, paper, Chipboard and furniture industries the Punjab Province and distributed! ( mean annual rainfall less than 200 mm, mostly received in summer be up to 5 % less for..., erratic and irregular rainfall ; soil salinity is common about the cookies we use Mango (... Come forth with encouraging results ( Appendix 4 & 5 ):,... You agree to our use of irrigation water its first introduction in the name river red gum Australia... In favour of Eucalyptus camaldulensis could be raised on such lands which generally not. Ten minutes it was CEH bleached to 76 % brightness and was of satisfactory,! Other characteristics MAKING TRIAL, Gerald G. Wire, pulp and paper.... Years and trees are sold standing through open auction FAO consultant, assessed work here on Eucalyptus Figure )... Economics Branch, Pakistan Forest Institute Peshawar for years to 25 m tall match boxes eucalyptus camaldulensis in pakistan! Pakistan, i.e most eucalypts burns well when air dried and kept in sealed containers at can... Salinity is common blade broadly lanceolate, 6-9 × 2.5-4 cm K. MAHMOOD1,...
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