This Is Sparta! Victors in the Delian games climbed the island’s Mt. your own Pins on Pinterest Delos Greek Mythology was born in this place, many in ancient times thought this … Cartwright, M. (2013, February 26). According to mythology, Delos is the birthplace of Apollo, god of music, of true and light, and his twin sister Artemis, goddess of hunting. In the 9th–10th century bce, Ionians brought the cult of Leto, who in legend gave birth there to Artemis and Apollo. Now largely uninhabited, it is a rugged granite mass about 1.3 square miles (3.4 square km) in area. Delos Panoramaby Mark Cartwright (CC BY-NC-SA). We have also been recommended for educational use by the following publications: Ancient History Encyclopedia Foundation is a non-profit organization registered in Canada. Cartwright, Mark. The island was also a major commercial and trading centre in the 2nd and 1st centuries CE. A boat trip to Delos, the birthplace of twin gods, Apollo and Artemis. Ancient Ellenic Civilization. The Ancient History Encyclopedia logo is a registered EU trademark. Beyond the sanctuary of Apollo, there were also sanctuaries testimony to the city’s one-time cosmopolitan make-up, with temples to Isis, Serapis and Cabeiri. It was the best-known location in the known world of ancient Greece, and home to the wealthiest and most successful Greeks. Also called Lesser Delos, it lies between Rinía (Rhenea), or Megáli Dhílos (Greater Delos), to the west and Mýkonos Island to the east. Another quirk of the Athenian political system, was the practice of Ostracism. It’s the head priest of the Cyclades, the birthplace of the immortals. Administration changed hands when Antigonus established the League of Islanders in 314 BCE, which included Delos. Delos. The accompanying athletic games and musical and dancing contests attracted visitors from across the Aegean. Religious Organization. In 88 bce Menophaneses, a general of Mithradates VI of Pontus, sacked the island for remaining faithful to Rome; thousands of people were slaughtered. The importance of the island is made clear in Greek mythology, where it is said to be the birthplace of Apollo, although it functioned as a religious location and sanctuary long before the Greeks decreed it the birthplace of two of their most important gods. Life on Ancient Delos Ancient Delos was not only a shrine to the gods but a sacred treasury and commercial center. Last modified February 26, 2013. Billets Grèce. ... Hassocks, Samoa, Rhodes and Crete. "Delos." GREEK KEY ANCIENT GREECE. Delos is a small island in Greece, close to Mykonos. When we arrived I saw 3 boats anchored with 2 of them tied onto land with a landline to avoid swinging. The island was already a flourishing port and cult centre, made famous through references to it in the Odyssey. Delos, Greece: Once the most well known cultural center of the known world. His special interests include pottery, architecture, world mythology and discovering the ideas that all civilizations share in common. 2.The Greeks had some strange superstitions about food – some wouldn’t eat beans a… Down the slope lay a sanctuary for foreign gods; the southern section reserved for Egyptian gods, the northern for Syrian. The earlier inhabitants of Delos built (ca 2.500 BC) their simple dwellings on the low hill Kynthos, from where they could easily inspect the sea for any approachi… The History Addicts. Web. Behind the commercial harbour were docks and warehouses; behind them lay the private houses of the 3rd and 2nd centuries bce, each featuring a court surrounded by columns and many paved with mosaics. Following the Chremonidean War (266-229 BCE), Delos became an independent polis for the next 150 years or so and was administered by a religious council of hieropoioi. Corrections? In the ancient times, the myth of god Apollo, god of light, and goddess Artemis having been born there rendered the island sacred: no mortal would ever be allowed to be born on its land. Among Delos’s most noted sculptural artifacts are fragments of a colossal Apollo and nine marble lions. In this period, the island enjoyed the generous patronage of various Hellenistic kings. In the ancient Greece, Delos was an important cultural and business center and also a prestigious address. For those who need a little history to go with their awe you should know that Delos was the island of the God Apollo and though it had been inhabited since about 3000 BC it was not until the 8th Century that the first temples and shrines were built there. The Ancient Greek Empire spread from Greece through Europe and, in 800 BC, the Greeks started to split their land into city-states, each with its own laws, customs and rulers. The Temple of Apollo housed, from the 6th century BCE, an 8 m high cult statue of the god made of wood and covered in gold. The island of Delos , near Mykonos, near the centre of the Cyclades archipelago, is one of the most important mythological, historical, and archaeological sites in Greece. This brought another period of prosperity, and the island became an important centre for the slave trade whilst its population greatly increased in size and ethnic diversity, a fact reflected in the adoption of diverse religious cults on the island, such as those to Sarapis and Isis. Personal Blog. There was also a temple dedicated to the twelve Olympian gods (the Dodekatheon). λος; Dhílos, "Brilliant") was a major sacred site for the ancient Greeks, second in importance only to Delphi. If you like to see destinations in their natural state, and a virtually untouched historical setting then the Island of Delos is for you. Mark is a history writer based in Italy. North of the lake was the Palaestra (gymnasium), a large court with Ionic peristyle, and a stadium about 540 feet (165 m) long. Apollo is one of the most important and complex Greek deities. In Greek mythology [3], Leto gave birth to Apollo and Artemis on Delos; and the island was particularly sacred to Apollo. Download all free or royalty-free photos and vectors. Beyond this complex is a sanctuary, an unusual elongated structure in two sections. Behind the Sacred Harbour begins the paved Sacred, or Processional, Way, 42 feet (13 m) wide. The original organization of the league, as sketched by Thucydides, indicates that all Greeks were invited to join to protect themselves from Achaemenian Persia. Our latest articles delivered to your inbox, once a week: Numerous educational institutions recommend us, including Oxford University and Michigan State University and University of Missouri. Delos Island Greek Mythology and Things To Know Before Visiting. Books Learn about ancient Greek history and myths while visiting some legendary landmarks, such as the Agora, the sacred way and the Temple of Apollo. Nowadays, the island is virtually uninhabited, but in ancient times, it was famous as a shrine of Apollo and as a trading center of the early Greeks and Romans. Now largely uninhabited, it is a rugged granite mass about 1.3 square miles (3.4 square km) in area. Your Ancient Delos Greece stock images are ready. Things took a turn for the worse, however, when the island was sacked first by Mithradates VI’s general, Archelaus, in 88 BCE and then again by pirates in 69 BCE, events which brought about the island’s gradual and permanent decline. The island’s independence came to an end in 166 BCE when the Romans gave control of Delos back to Athens, also making it a free trade port. Ancient History Encyclopedia, 26 Feb 2013. Jul 24, 2015 - This Pin was discovered by Sean D. Discover (and save!) "Delos." The theatre (early 3rd century bce) lay beyond the commercial harbour, on the lower slope of Mount Cynthus; its summit has remains of ancient Cycladic dwellings (3rd millennium bce) and a small precinct of Kýnthios Zeus (Cynthian Zeus) and Athena. There are many traditional accounts of Delos’s origin. Rain was the only fresh water at Delos Published: June 23, 2011 Length: 27:35 min Rating: 5 of 5 Author: Vladislav Dolnik. Book Series. The Ionians, who came in the 10th-9th centuries, established Delos as the place to worship Apollo. Commercial buildings on the island included markets and warehouses, and the residential area dating from the 2nd century BCE displays grid street plans and large houses, which, with their mosaics, wall paintings, and colonnades, are testimony to the islands one-time prosperity. At the time it referred to anyone who didn’t participate in politics. It’s believed the first Ancient Greek civilisations were formed nearly 4,000 years ago (approximately 1600 BC) by the mighty Mycenaeansof Crete (a Greek Island). Athens, under Pisistratus, took a greater interest in the island in the 6th century BCE and attempted to purify the island by a ‘catharsis’ - removing and prohibiting burials on the island from c. 540 BCE. Society & Culture Website. In addition, several fine mosaics have been uncovered, including one depicting Dionysos seated on a panther. Outside the precinct of Apollo, on the south, was an open space; between this and the precinct was a house for priests; and within it, the tombs of the Hyperborean Maidens, worshipers of Artemis. The island was first inhabited in the early Bronze Age, and Mycenaean tombs have been excavated dating from the late Bronze Age. Ancient Greece Facts 50. Tourists today are allowed access to the island for the sole purpose of viewing its archaeological sites. Your Turn: Careers, Kids, and Comebacks--A Working Mother's Guide, Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial-ShareAlike. Mykonos Delos: The small rocky islet of Delos is part of the Cyclades and is located a few miles south-west of Mykonos Greece. To the east was the temple of Dionysus, on the other side a large commercial exchange that had a temple of Aphrodite and Hermes. Ancient History Encyclopedia. Hellenistic terracotta statuette of Aphrodite. The mosaics of Delos form a significant corpus of surviving ancient Greek mosaic art. He was the son of Zeus born, together with his twin sister the chaste huntress Artemis, on the small, barren island of Delos in the middle of the Cyclades. Here are 50 interesting facts about ancient Greece. Be on the lookout for your Britannica newsletter to get trusted stories delivered right to your inbox. Delos can only be accessed by sea. For only $5 per month you can become a member and support our mission to engage people with cultural heritage and to improve history education worldwide. Both islands belong to the Cyclades group, right in the middle of the Aegean Sea. Discover Ancient Delos and its legends on this entertaining and educational 5-hour guided tour. The Doric temple of Apollo (mid-5th to 3rd century bce) has plain frieze motifs, scant sculptural decoration, and no interior colonnade. Education Website. In some versions of the myth, Zeus (Leto’s lover) called on his brother Poseidon to create the island with a thrust of his trident, hence the name Delos, which signifies ‘appearance’ or ‘apparent’ in ancient Greek. The two sculptures on the left have humorous inscriptions inscribed on them. Ancient History Encyclopedia. Information from Viator Tour description. your own Pins on Pinterest Also called Lesser Delos, it Even though it is one of the smallest islands in the Aegean, Delos (just 6.85 km2) was the most famous and sacred of all islands in antiquity, since, according to the legend, it was there that Apollo-Helios, god of daylight, and Artemis-Selene, goddess of night light, were born – it was, in short, the birthplace of Light, which the Greeks always regarded as precious. Delos, measuring a mere 3 km², is a small island without any particular advantages for habitation due to its barrenness and lack of water. Written by Mark Cartwright, published on 26 February 2013 under the following license: Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial-ShareAlike. Delos further increased its importance when it was chosen as the meeting place and treasury for the Delian League in 478 BCE. Its structures were quarried for building material by the Venetians and Turks in the European Middle Ages. Delos is a Greek island in the Cyclades archipelago which was both an influential political force and, with its sanctuary to the god Apollo, an important religious centre in the Archaic and Classical periods. It is a small flat island (3.4 square kilometers – little over 1 mi2). The easiest way to get there is … Ancient History Encyclopedia. To the north, on the south side of the Sacred Lake (now drained), was the Agora of Italians, with entrance arches of Doric columns, the most spacious structure in Delos. Please help us create teaching materials on Mesopotamia (including several complete lessons with worksheets, activities, answers, essay questions, and more), which will be free to download for teachers all over the world. The ancient Greeks also considered the island the centre of the Cycladic group and as the last resting place of the Hyperboreans - a legendary northern race of Apollo-worshippers. Since 1873 the École Française d’Athènes (“French School of Athens”) has been excavating the island, the complex of buildings of which compares with those of Delphi (Delfoí) and Olympia. The island once had temples dedicated to Apollo (the Artemission), Leto (the Letoon), Artemis, Hera (the Heraion), Zeus, Athena, Hercules, and Asclepius. Frescoes; Interior view of the Delos Archaeological Museum. https://www.ancient.eu/delos/. In 454 BCE the treasury was moved to Athens and the Athenians also took over administration of the site. Delos, island, one of the smallest of the Cyclades (Modern Greek: Kykládes), Greece, an ancient centre of religious, political, and commercial life in the Aegean Sea. Ancient Greek mythology. Delos (Δήλος) was one of the most sacred places of ancient Greece, and one of the most robust trade centers as well. As with other major sanctuaries, Delos had a diverse complex of buildings, including a monumental gateway entrance (propylaea) to the site, a theatre (c. 300 BCE, capacity: 5,000 spectators), stadium, several stoas (for example, of Antigonus), gymnasium, hippodrome, palaestras (3rd and 2nd centuries BCE), a hippostyle hall (constructed in the 3rd century BCE) an agora (built under Theophrastus in the 2nd century BCE), and even a sacred lake, guarded by marble lions. What is the world’s largest archipelago? Four main groups of ruins are distinguishable on the west coast: the commercial port and small sanctuaries; the religious city of Apollo, a hieron (sanctuary); the sanctuaries of Mount Kynthos and the theatre; and the region of the Sacred Lake. 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