It’s best to keep at least 5 danios, and shoals of 15 or more are ideal. In the wild, zebrafish live in silty or sandy-bottomed bodies of water. You can keep them with small freshwater invertebrates like Ghost or Cherry Shrimp, or with aquatic amphibians like the African Dwarf Frog. Temperament / Behavior : Mostly peaceful when kept in groups of 6 or more with occasional fighting and chasing among the group. If distinctive horizontal stripes run from the gill down to the tail of a Danio, this means that the fish is a Zebra Danio. Both types are zebra danios and will mate with eachother. Other popular aquarium varieties include the Pearl Danio (Danio albolineatus), Celestial Zebra Danio (Danio margaritatus), and Emerald Dwarf Rasbora (Danio erythromicron). My glo fish and danio seem like they are trying breed Although there are some types of fish that are hard to breed in an aquarium setting, danios breed well on their own. It’s incredibly easy to breed zebrafish, and they are a great choice for first-time fish breeders. It’s best to avoid it by keeping your water quality high and quarantining new fish before adding them to your tank. Metallic blue and silver stripes are the wild type, with domesticated morphs including xanthic (gold) and long-finned varieties, among others. your password Thermometer. They really stand out beautifully in a tank with a dark sand and pebble mix. A high-quality commercial omnivore flake diet. Sick fish may develop dropsy (edema or body swelling), nodules on their internal organs and may even have deformed muscular and skeletal development. I’d hazard a guess that there are few aquarium stores in the United States that don’t have at least one type of zebrafish for sale. These are lively, active and social fish that prefer to live in large groups. What kind of temperatures and water conditions do zebra danios prefer? This is not a recommended practice because it can be very traumatic, harmful biologically and stressful to the fish. After two weeks of a high-protein diet, your female fish should start looking plump and rounded. In small groups, zebra danios can be pretty aggressive. A simple internal filter may suffice for a nano tank, while a HOB or canister system would be better for larger set-ups. These fish have a hierarchical system of dominance, a pecking order that they created through play and other non-territorial or aggressive behaviors, these peaceful fish will often chase each other around the tank, but usually, this behavior is harmless. While they safely form hierarchies through their non-aggressive play, they could stress or injure slower fish as they nip at their fins. When you buy via the links on our site, we may earn an affiliate commission at no cost to you. This makes them an ideal choice for new fish keepers and either single species or peaceful community tanks. Zebra danios usually spawn in the mornings. The adult species in large number can be encountered in puddles appeared during dry season and in flooded rice fields, where the fish feeds and spawns. Infertile eggs are not transparent and look white instead. Zebra Danios are considered easy to breed. So, try to identify which two in your tank are the match before you decide to move any two into a breeding tank. Stressed fish are more likely to get sick, after all, since stress depresses their immune system. Zebra Danios get their name from their apparent “Zebra like” stripes. So the breeding tank should be decorated with a shallow bed with rocks and marbles. There are many different breeds, with different colors and patterns, and many of these breeds are very popular with aquarium hobbyists. These, They do well over a wide range of temperatures from, For treats, you can offer them fresh/frozen/dried. Zebra Danios Spawning And Breeding - Duration: 7:15. So, if you find your fish chasing each other at this time, your female danio may be carrying roe, and the fish may be very close to spawning. If you wish to retain the young, the breeding tank should be empty except for a two-inch layer of large glass marbles, 1/2 to 1 inch in diameter. This disease causes fish to be lethargic, anorexic and develop inflammation and ulceration on their skin and fins. They share about 70% of their genetic material with humans, so they’re ideal for studying diseases like diabetes and muscular dystrophy, and for use in developing new drugs and treatments. Sponge filter. If your zebras are acting aggressively with the community, try breaking up the tank with more decor and live plants. Zebrafish don’t like a bare tank, and they tend to be more aggressive when they don’t have a lot of plants and decorations to break up their habitat. Air pump and air stone or bubbling device. Newly hatched zebrafish fry do best on a mixture of powdered omnivore foods and fresh brine shrimp fry until they are large enough for regular foods. Behavior & Care: Danios prefer to travel in schools and, if kept singly, can become bored and pick on other fish, but typically without any real damage. The Danio rerio dwells in rivers and streams in Pakistan, India, Bangladesh, Nepal, Myanmar and Bhutan. If 48 hours pass with no spawning, put your danios back in their separate conditioning tanks for a little longer, and continue to feed them live food. You can keep a small group of 5 danios in a 10-gallon aquarium, or a shoal of 25 in a 50-gallon tank. Add 2 males for every female. The zebra danio is easy to breed in captivity at home aquarium just using some simple tips. Found originally in various parts of India, Pakistan, Bangladesh, Nepal and Bhutan, the striped danio has also been released into the wild (both deliberately and by accident) in Columbia, Malaysia and parts of the United States. Log into your account. You should see transparent eggs at the bottom of your tank within 24 hours. They are frequently used as dither fish in aquariums since they are constantly out swimming all over the tank. I’ve seen my zebra’s playing in my filter outflows, and they enjoy swimming through bubbles too, so consider adding an air stone. Poor hygiene may cause your fish stress and shorten their lifespans, and may increase the chances of algae outbreaks and diseases in your tank. Zebra danios have been in the aquarium hobby for many decades. Heater thermostat. Danios are: Zebrafish, as they are also called, are just one of the 23 species of danio currently recognized. your username. You have a lot of options, including small tetras like the Neon, Cardinal, Rummy Nose and Emerald. Diet - Food : They will take flakes, freeze dried (blood worms, daphnia, brine shrimp, etc) and live foods. Zebra danios are prolific breeders, and an interesting fact about is that they are v… 70 percent of human genes are also found in zebra danios. The Longfin Blue Danio is a man-made cultivar, but its ancestry can be traced to the Zebra Danio, and it was most likely developed from the Leopard Danio mutation. Zebra Danio Tropical Fish Learn all about the Zebra Danio's feeding habits and food types, its behaviour, its origins, its natural habitats, is it male or female, breeding advice and information, suitable tank mates, its sizing and growth range, minimum tank size, water PH and more. What Supplies Do You Need for a Zebrafish Tank? This means you can have multiple pairings in one tank if you give them enough space. Maintain a water temperature of 78°F and the female will drop its eggs in the gravel bed. The Zebra Danio Danio rerio (previously Brachydanio rerio) was described by Hamilton in 1822. Breeding Zebrafish (Zebra danios) You will need. She is an expert in setting up new tanks and maintaining naturally-planted freshwater habitats, and has experience raising a wide variety of aquatic species. Wild populations exist in slow and fast-moving streams, rivers, lakes and even nearly stagnant irrigation ditches and rice paddies. Naturally occurring mutations, artificial selection by breeders and the increasing use of genetic modification has led to several unique morphs, including: In the wild, zebrafish are considered an annual species and generally only live for about a year. During the aquarium startup process ammonia is being introduced from the fish and not enough bacteria is present to process the ammonia. Separate your fish into tanks by gender for a few weeks, and raise their water temperature from 71 to 80°F to signal it’s time to spawn. Once the adults have spawned, return them back to their home tanks or they will eat the hatching fry. I offer them their primary diet five times a week, and treat foods in place of their meal once a week. A separate 10 gallon breeding tank. For beginner aquarists, Zebra Danio is a perfect breeding fish because you will never find any complication if you are encouraging the reproduction of this schooling fish. Antimicrobial medications don’t seem to have much effect, and an outbreak usually results in the loss of the colony. In terms of temperament, these fish usually get along well with other peaceful community species of a similar size and shape, but they often harass slow-moving fish with long fins. The silvery-white females have a rounder, plumper body with a white belly and silver stripes instead of gold. The scared fish will see the danios out swimming and may become more comfortable with their environment. Females are usually a bit larger with a rounder body than the males. Zebrafish are known for the five dark iridescent blue stripes that run down their body on both sides from their head to the tip of their caudal fin (tail). I usually feed my danios 6 out of 7 days a week, with one no-food fast day. Learn how your comment data is processed. Avoid keeping with large or aggressive fish that might attack them, or with slow swimmers with long fins that may get nipped. Breeding & Sex Differences. Zebra Danios will thrive in waters that are consistently between 65 and 77 degrees Fahrenheit, and they prefer soft to medium hard waters with a pH of 6.5 to 7.2. The Kuhli loach is native to Southern Asia, where it inhabits the sandy regions of … My 5 gallon with a zebra danio . But when well cared for, you can expect your aquarium fish to live for about 2 to 5.5 years. Privacy Policy | SiteMap | Aquarium Dictionary | Affiliate Disclosure | Contact Us. 20-gallon aquarium with a hood/cover and lights. To recreate their natural habitat, it’s best to provide zebrafish with open, shaded areas to shoal in. Zebras use all parts of your aquarium, but prefer to hang out at the top and in the middle sections. Breeding the Zebra Danio Zebra danios are ideal for beginners as they are prolific breeders, and interestingly, mated pairs remain together for life and rarely spawn with others, even if a mate dies. They prefer to swim in the shaded open areas of your tank. It depends on how many fish you’ll want to keep in your shoal. You can use taller plants like Amazon Swords and Java Fern to create these shaded spots for your danios. For breeding purposes ph 6.8, temperature of 80F. While the wild type zebrafish is a popular choice, there are many other interesting varieties available in the aquarium trade and to research labs. The cold temperature increases the probability of courtship to begin. For breeding zebrafish, it’s best to feed them on brine shrimp, Daphnia eggs and bloodworms for a few weeks prior to spawning. Algae flakes and fresh blanched veggies for occasional treats. Pebbles or marbles to cover all of the floor of the breeding tank. I hope you’ve enjoyed this guide, and we’d love to hear any questions or comments you may have about these beautiful striped danios. Truthfully, in an aquarium, you can use any substrate you prefer. If you’ve ever wondered why Danios are such a popular choice for freshwater aquariums, then wonder no longer. Temperament / Behavior : They are usually peaceful but they can be fin nippers. Treats such as brine shrimp, bloodworms, Daphnia eggs and/or mosquito larvae. The place where the fish dwells to a large extent depends on the season. They are found in Asia from Pakistan to India and as far as Myanmar. Avoid keeping zebras with long-finned or slow-moving fish like Sailfin Mollies, Fancy Guppies, Fancy Goldfish or Bettas, or any large or aggressive species like Tiger Barbs or Red-Tailed Sharks. A heater, if your home’s temperature is variable or swings more than a few degrees every day. Zebra Danios are available in different vibrant colors like black, pink, blue, golden, etc., and even Albino Zebra Danios are present. Striped danios are usually healthy and hardy fish, but they are susceptible to common aquatic diseases like ich, so your tank’s hygiene will play an important role in the overall health of your shoal. Tankarium is reader-supported. The females can be identified by their plump bodies and rounded bellies, while the males tend to have more streamlined and narrow bodies. It is a Genetically Engineered specie brand, and therefore, you cannot legally breed and sell them. Zebra Danio - Appearance, Behaviour and Complete Care Guide There are currently over 600 labs in the world dedicated to studying the species. Zebra danios exhibit some sexual dimorphism – though not quite the way expected. They are best kept in schools of 6 or more. Pond fish may grow larger than danios kept in aquariums. You can also house them with other types of danios. Breeding Zebra Danios As I mentioned before, zebra danios mate for life meaning for you to breed them you need to have a breeding pair. After the rain season … They often nip at and chase each other harmlessly. Keep the water under one or two inch from large glass marbles. Zebra Danio Breeding. Their bodies are shaped like a spindle (fusiform) and they have an upward-facing mouth. Fish Disease : Freshwater Fish Disease - Diagnose, Symptoms and Treatment. This extensive research has led to zebrafish being one of the best-understood species on the planet: How big do zebra danios get? These royal blue stripes extend from near the eye to its caudal fin. Naming. The striped Zebra Danio (Danio rerio) is a mainstay in the aquarium trade and has been so for many decades. Then in the last several years, selective breeding programs have managed to create long finned versions of the fish. These fish come in a wide range of colors, including the albi… Zebra danios are small freshwater fish native to South Asia. Normally danios will breed within 24 hours of being placed in the breeding tank. Zebrafish are not terribly picky about their specific set-ups and can usually be accommodated in most tanks without a lot of fuss. While wild zebrafish can often be found in stagnant waters, it’s best to provide your fish with a gentle current and plenty of circulation to prevent other problems with your tank (like algae outbreaks). Breeding : Note: breeding is prohibited due to licensing restrictions (See number 4 on their Breeding Restrictions page). Other possibilities include Cory Cats, loaches and Upside Down Catfish. A bottle of water conditioner to remove any chlorine or chloramine from your tap water. This danio is a good first fish for beginners to the tropical fish hobby because of their tolerance of a wide range of water parameters. Zebra Danios grow up to around two inches long, so you can keep quite a few of them without having to get a huge tank. The zebra danio is … It isn’t hard to maintain a danio tank and it doesn’t take a lot of time or effort. What are the best tank mates for zebra danios? Zebrafish also work for tanks with Nerite, Zebra or Assassin Snails. Additionally, it is better to remove the parents from the breeding tank after spawning, as soon as possible. What’s the best tank size for zebra danios? A new and better way to start up an aquarium is to perform a fishless cycle. 7:15. But they aren’t really sensitive to their decorations, so choose the decor that works best for your tank and community. The zebrafish was first described in India in 1822 by the Scottish physician and explorer Francis Hamilton. Your baby fish should hatch within 3 days and will be very small and transparent at first. Live or plastic plants and decor; bogwood and sticks/branches are especially appropriate. Welcome! Male bodies tend to be more slender for quick swimming while the females have a larger belly. Fish Description. Jen has more than 30 years experience as a biologist, aquarist, and fishkeeper. They’re usually sold as juveniles from about 0.5 to 1 inch in length, and a mature zebra danio’s size usually tops out at around 1.5 to 2-inches. Their easy breeding habits and large, transparent eggs make them ideal for laboratory experiments. The silver and gold color scheme of this fish is enhanced by its five blue horizontal stripes. Kuhli Loach. You can drop a comment below, or join us and our community of aquarium aficionados on our social media pages! The GloFish has a license to protect its trade. In terms of filtration, Zebra Danios are not demanding at all. In large groups, however, it's typically not as much of a problem. They will also consume small crustaceans and worms if their preferred foods are unavailable. As long as you provide them with a good 2-gallons per fish and avoid groups smaller than 5, your fish should be fine. Like most other danios, the zebra danio is a sleek, streamlined fish. Breeding / Reproduction. The eggs will hatch in two days and you will have to remove the adults because they will eat the fry. They'll chase each other and having a "pecking" order, but aggression to the point of fin nipping COULD be an indicator of another issue. Members of the large Cyprinidae or minnow family. Zebra Danio genders can be distinguished by the shap of their bodies. Females get larger than males, and you’ll see a more rounded belly. This is especially true as spawning time approaches. The best way to obtain a mating pair is to start with a school of a half dozen or more young zebras and allow them to choose mates. If they do not, leave them for another 24 hours. Here’s a quick shopping list of the supplies you’ll need for an ideal danio tank appropriate for a shoal of 10: To feed and care for your danios, you’ll need: Zebrafish may be common, but they are anything but boring! Breeding: Like most other danios, the zebra danio is a sleek, streamlined fish. Danios are infamous for eating their own eggs. Let’s talk about why these social fish are such a popular option for freshwater tanks. They enjoy exploring decorations as well, especially chunks of bogwood. Zebra Danios are social animals, preferring to interact in close-knit shoals. It’s best to have a good filtration system on your tank of zebrafish to keep the water clear and clean and to help maintain oxygen levels in the water. What do zebrafish eat and how often should you feed them? This site uses Akismet to reduce spam. Mating behavior is also heavily influenced by photoperiod, as spawning begins immediately at first light during breeding season and continues for about an hour. Zebrafish are also highly susceptible to a chronic bacterial infection called Mycobacteriosis, which is especially common in laboratory colonies: There is no treatment for Mycobacteriosis, as it’s usually related to poor animal husbandry practices. The breeding season of this fish is monsoon season. Yeah, I agree. A community tank. They make good choices for communities with gourami, Cherry and Gold Barbs. In order to initiate courtship about 3 to 7 males chase females and try to lead female towards a spawning site by nudging her and/or swimming around her in a tight circle or figure eight. These zebra-striped fish are both beautiful and hardy, and are one of the easiest aquarium species to care for and breed. Dither fish are used to help calm other fish that may be skittish. 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